This time, researchers examined the chocolate eating habits and cognitive performance of 968
participants in the MSLS (Maine-Syracuse Longitudinal Study) aged 23–98 years.
Senior author of the study said those who consumed chocolate at least once a week had significantly higher score on a range of cognitive tasks compared to those who ate chocolate less frequently.
The data was gathered via a food frequency questionnaire, where participants reported how frequently they consumed a wide range of different foods and beverages, including chocolate. They also undertook extensive neuropsychological tests.
They then analyzed the data, examining relations between chocolate intake and cognitive performance, taking into account factors such as age, education and other health factors which may impact upon this relationship.
The results showed that those who ate chocolate at least weekly performed significantly better on the global composite, visual-spatial memory and organization, working memory, scanning and tracking, abstract reasoning, and the mini-mental state examination.
However, researchers didn't gain any more specific information regarding the type of chocolate consumed (such as dark chocolate, milk and white), and the actual quantities consumed, which would have improved the usability of the study.
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Source: Chocolate intake is associated with better cognitive function: The Maine-Syracuse Longitudinal Study
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