All participants had hypertension and met the criteria for metabolic syndrome (also called Syndrome X), but had no history of heart disease or diabetes and were not on any blood pressure lowering medications.
In the best case scenario, the researchers estimated that dark chocolate consumption (at least 60% cocoa solids) could potentially prevent 70 non-fatal and 15 fatal cardiovascular events (like heart attack or stroke) per 10,000 eating dark chocolate over 10 years--meaning consumption could be considered an effective intervention strategy.
They also suggested that $42 USD could be cost effectively spent per person per year on dark chocolate prevention strategies (advertising, educational campaigns), or subsidising dark chocolate in this high risk population.
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Source: The effectiveness and cost effectiveness of dark chocolate consumption as prevention therapy in people at high risk of cardiovascular disease: best case scenario analysis using a Markov model
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