Ok, so...if you're reading this, we made it! Welcome to the "other side," the post-apocalyptic world.
Despite a relatively long history of use in foods, the researchers behind the new study claim that gum Arabic has not been extensively studied in humans. So the researchers recruited 120 healthy females with an average age of 20 and a mean BMI of 26.5 kg/m2 and randomly assigned them to consume 30 grams daily of gum Arabic or 1 gram daily of pectin (placebo) for six weeks.
Results showed that the gum Arabic group had a significantly reduced BMI by 0.32 and body fat by 2.18% over the six weeks, compared to baseline levels.
Some side effects – notably unfavorable viscous sensation in the mouth, early morning nausea, mild diarrhea and bloating abdomen – were reported by the gum Arabic group, but these were only observed for the first week, said the researchers.
“A recent proposed mechanism by which viscous dietary fibers were found to preserve lean body mass and reduce adiposity is increased mitochondrial biogenesis and fatty acid oxidation by skeletal muscles,” the researches wrote. “Gum Arabic’s mechanism is not yet fully elucidated, because of a small number of conducted studies.
Source: Effects of gum Arabic ingestion on body mass index and body fat percentage in healthy adult females: two-arm randomized, placebo controlled, double-blind trial
A new study on vitamin K reveals that every 100 mcg increase daily consumption of vitamin K1, decreases the risk of developing diabetes by 17%. Comparing the extremes, the highest average intakes of vitamin K1 were associated with a total reduction in the risk of diabetes of 51%, compared with people with the lowest average levels.