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Lutein, Lycopene, and Beta-Carotene Benefit Eyes in Preterm Infants
Dietary carotenoids may be important in preventing or ameliorating complications due to prematurity. However, little is known about carotenoid status or the effects of supplementation in a premature population. So, these researcher studies this in 203 preterm infants in a randomized, controlled, multi-center trial.
Results showed supplementation with lutein, lycopene, and beta-carotene was found to be associated with lower plasma C-reactive protein (CRP), and plasma carotenoid levels rose to levels that are similar to those found in human milk-fed term infants. Furthermore, infants who received supplementation were found to have greater rod photoreceptor sensitivity.
The authors conclude, "Our results point to protective effects of lutein on preterm retina health and maturation."
You may also remember another study on lutein that I recently discussed, which can be found by clicking HERE.
Source: Effect of carotenoid supplementation on plasma carotenoids, inflammation and visual development in preterm infants
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